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Description: Church of St Mary and St Thomas
Date Listed: 27 May 1968
English Heritage Building ID: 162097
OS Grid Reference: TL2308521007
OS Grid Coordinates: 523085, 221007
Latitude/Longitude: 51.8741, -0.2135
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TL 22 SW KNEBWORTH OLD KNEBWORTH LANE
3/150 Church of St Mary
and St Thomas
Parish church. Circa 1150 origin to chancel and nave. W tower
c.1420. N chancel chapel (Lytton Chapel) rebuilt c.1705. Chancel
restored mid-late C19. Flint and rubble with stone and brick
dressings. Steep plain tile roofs. The N chancel chapel is
plastered brick with red brick buttresses. 3-stage W tower has
diagonal buttresses. Battlemented. Polygonal SE staircase
turret. Lead spike. 3-light w window; W door with pointed arch
in square surround. Most windows of nave are C15 with cusped
lights. Those of N chancel chapel are original wood mullioned
and transomed with leaded panes. Chancel has Norman Revival
style round arch lights. Gabled S porch Probably c1845.
Interior: Large C15 W arch with attached single shafts. Nave
roof has C15 hammerbeam trusses with traceried panels above the
hammerbeams and crown posts from the collar braces. These
trusses alternate with simple braced collar trusses. Complete
C15 oak box pews decorated with miniature stepped buttresses.
Circa 1150 Norman chancel arch with scalloped capitals.
Outstanding internal feature is the Lytton Chapel which contains
a remarkable set of early C18 monuments to members of the Lytton
family. On N and S wall: to Sir William Lytton (d. 1705) and to
Sir George Strode (d.1707), both by Edward Stanton. Marble
Semi reclining fiqures. Reredos backqround. Columns supporting
segmental arches with cartouches, the former with life-sized
allegories outside the columns. On W wall: to Lytton Lytton
(d.l7l0), perhaps by Thomas Green. Standing figure in shell-
niche tabernacle frame. Fluted side pilasters. Broken segmental
pediment. Cupids either side. Also in chapel, brasses to Roland
Lytton (d.1582) and his 2 wives. Tablet to Anne Lytton (d.
1601). Epitaph to William Robinson Lytton Strode (d. 1732) by
John Annis: two kneeling figures facing sarcophagus. In chancel:
epitaph to Judith Strode (d. 1662) on I wall in baroque style in
black'marble with white marble bust. On N wall: brass to Lord
Simon Bache (d. 1414) formerly in chancel floor. C18 altar
table, with paired Doric colonnettes, the rear panelling with
Greek key. Iron gates to Lytton Chapel by Lutyens, the oriqinal
wrought iron gates removed to W arch. C18 pulpit with fielded
panels, incorporating C16/early C17 Flemish panels at top. Font
at W end c. 1480, limestone, octagonal. 3-light window in S nave
wall by Clayton and Bell (RCHM, 1910; Pevsner (1977)).
Listing NGR: TL2308521007
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.