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Description: Church of St Helen
Date Listed: 19 October 1953
English Heritage Building ID: 163972
OS Grid Reference: TL1765314025
OS Grid Coordinates: 517653, 214025
Latitude/Longitude: 51.8125, -0.2947
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TL 1714 WHEATHAMPSTEAD HIGH STREET
14/428 CHURCH OF ST HELEN
Parish church. Pre-Conquest and Norman origin. Chancel, c,1230.
crossing tower, late C13. Nave and aisles, early-mid C14. N and
S transepts, c.1330-50. N vestry added c.1380, but altered and
enlarged 1897. Whole church was restored 1865-6 by Edward
Browning. Flint rubble. Stone dressings. Slate roofs.
Cruciform plan, the nave and chancel equal length. Large central
tower with leaded pyramid roof surmounted by a spire. Many good
Decorated period windows, especially to the transepts and the
chancel N and S walls. Early C14 W door with ball flower
ornament in double hollow surround. S porch of similar date with
chamfered arch and attached shafts. Interior: nave arcade of 3
arches; octagonal piers, moulded capitals and bases. Roof with
arch-braced collar trusses. Figured stone corbels. Crossing has
broad chamfered piers and arches. S transept has stone arch in S
wall, said to be a Saxon doorhead, and the E wall has an
intricate decorated style window with fleurons in the jambs.
Corresponding window in the N transept has ballflower ornament
and beneath the sill is an intricate blind arcade of c.1330.
Large N window with net tracery. The chancel E end has 3 lancet
windows of c.1230 set in deep splays and with deeply cut moulded
arches. C15 piscina in jamb of SE window. Door to vestry with
dog-tooth moulded arch. Font at W end of nave is early C14,
octagonal, with quatrefoil frieze. Early C17 oak pulpit with
shallow strapwork ornament. Jacobean screen at entrance to N
transept, probably fragment of a former W gallery. Pews behind
this are early-mid C17, one dated 1631. Many good monuments:
alabaster tomb chest to Sir John Brocket and his wife (1558) with
two recumbent figures and armorial frieze; large wall monument
to Elizabeth Garrard on W wall of N transept, 1630s: broad arch
surround with columns, broken pediment overthrow and semi-
reclining alabaster figures; next to this a classical wall
plaque to Sir John Garrard (d.1700). On E wall the many plaques
include one by Thorwaldsen, 1817. (RCHM (1910); Pevsner
Listing NGR: TL1765314025
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.