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Description: Old House
Date Listed: 20 October 1954
English Heritage Building ID: 179619
OS Grid Reference: TQ5527248813
OS Grid Coordinates: 555272, 148813
Latitude/Longitude: 51.2174, 0.2219
Explore more of the area around Hildenborough, Kent at Explore Britain.
HILDENBOROUGH PHILPOTS LANE (south side)
TQ 54 NE
5/186 Old House (formerly listed as
20.10.54 Marden's Cottages)
House. Late C15 or earlier origins with a high quality remodelling of the
early C17; late C20 repairs and rear addition. Framed construction, the first
floor tile-hung; peg-tile roof; brick stack.
Plan and Development: Complex evolution. The present arrangement is
approximately L plan and faces north. The main block is 2 rooms wide, the
left hand (east) end with good early C17 features is roofed on a west east
axis, the right hand (west) room is part of a 2-cell west crosswing with a
circa late C15 frame. The 2 rooms in the main block are heated from C17 back-
to-back fireplaces in the axial stack with a lobby entrance facing the
chimneybreast. The room has a rear (south) outshut and the crosswing has an
outshut along-its east side. The north cell of the crosswing was originally
open to the roof timbers with a smoke bay at the north end. The south cell
was always storeyed, probably with a stair in the south west corner. The
crosswing may be the hall and storeyed lower end of a small late medieval
house to which a high quality C17 wing has been added with the axial stack
introduced at the junction, giving the present lobby entrance layout.
However, some features of the frame of the east end suggest that it may have
been the medieval hall block, to which a late C15 parlour crosswing was added,
the hall block then thoroughly remodelled, raised, and partially rebuilt in
the early C17. The existing plan is largely that of the early C17 and
includes a C17 stair in a projection to the rear (south) of the stack. The
crosswing has been extended by a single-storey C20 1-room plan addition
adjoining at the south west.
Exterior: West end 2 storeys and attic, 2-storey crosswing. Roof half-hipped
at the left end and hipped at the right end; stack with 4 staggered brick
shafts. The early C17 features of the north (entrance) elevation are
unusually well-preserved. Asymmetrical 3-window front, the crosswing to the
right with a lower roofline and gabled to the front, an early C17 2-storey bay
window to the left with a lean-to roof and a pentice above the ground floor
bay which extends over the front door to the lobby entrance. This has an
early C17 ovolo-moulded door frame and probably co-eval plank door. The bay
windows have ovolo-moulded transoms and mullions and are 3-light to the outer
face, 1-light to the returns, the returns of the first floor window blocked
with tile-hanging. The bay has a hand-made brick plinth. C17 ovolo-moulded
2-light first floor window to the right of the front door. The gable end of
the crosswing has 9-light early C17 ribbon windows to the first and ground
floor with ovolo-moulded mullions. All the windows are glazed with diamond
leaded panes, some of the casements are original and preserve their C17
catches and scrolled fastenings. The right (west) return has a C20 door and
3-light casement into the crosswing outshut. The left (east) return has
original C17 ovolo-moulded mullioned windows to the ground and attic storey,
the first floor window is a C20 replacement. The rear (south) elevation of
the main block has C19 or C20 windows, the stair projection with a lean-to
roof in the centre, the south east outshut has been glazed on the south side
in the C20 with French windows.
Interior: Rich in early features. On the ground floor these are mostly circa
early C17 except probably for the joists in the south room of the crosswing
with a trimmer beam in the ceiling of the south west corner. The north room
of the wing has a chamfered longitudinal beam, step-stopped at the end with
runout stops at the north end and exposed joists. The C17 brick fireplace has
an original oak lintel. A later partition has been introduced in the wing,
creating a passage out of the north room giving access to the east room. The
early C17 east parlour is very complete with an ovolo-moulded stopped
longitudinal beam, exposed joists and a fireplace with curved brick corners to
the fireback and an ovolo-moulded lintel. The sole plate of the frame of the
rear (south) wall is grooved for wattle and daub infill. The fine early C17
dog-leg staircase retains its original newel posts and handrail. It
originally had no balusters. The chamber over the parlour also has an ovolo-
moulded stopped longitudinal beam, and a large original fireplace complete
with lintel. The wall-framing is close-studded but preserves some
unexpectedly large curved tension braces: these along with evidence that the
stair projection involved cutting through earlier framing on the rear wall,
the rough finish of some of the wall posts, and 2 wall plates to the east end
frame suggest that it is an early C17 rebuilding of an earlier frame. The
chamber over the south room of the crosswing has evidence of an unglazed 3-
light window with diagonally-set stanchions in the west wall. Both the first
floor rooms in the crosswing have wall framing of massive scantling with
curved tension braces.
Roof: The crosswing has a crown post roof construction, the post buried in
the partition between the 2 rooms. The post is tall, unmoulded and appears to
be of square section with concave braces to the collar purlin and one visible
convex brace to the tie-beam, there may be a second brace concealed behind
lath and plaster. At the north end of the north room redundant mortises in
the wall plates and collar purlin mark the depth of the smoke bay, the common
rafters above in the roofspace are heavily sooted. The rafter couples have
halved collars and the whole early roof construction sits below a later roof.
The roof over the east end is largely concealed but one clasped purlin truss
Old house is an evolved house of late medieval origins, with high status C17
internal and external features.
Group value with the barn to the west (q.v.).
Listing NGR: TQ5527248813
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.