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Description: Bushells Hospital
Date Listed: 25 July 1952
English Heritage Building ID: 185899
OS Grid Reference: SD5600836862
OS Grid Coordinates: 356008, 436862
Latitude/Longitude: 53.8262, -2.6698
Explore more of the area around Goosnargh, Lancashire at Explore Britain.
SD 53 NE GOOSNARGH GOOSNARGH LANE
5/52 Bushell's Hospital
Large house, dated 1722 on downspouts, converted to use as hospital c.1745,
enlarged c.1822 and 1841, altered in late C19. Ashlar, hipped slate roof
with ridge chimneys. Nine bays, plus 2-bay receding wings at both ends,
with additions to the rear of these. Three storeys, in subdued Baroque
style, now symmetrical; string courses on 2 levels, rusticated quoins,
panelled parapets to the centre and the wings; the main range of 9 bays
(probably the original house) has a 5-bay centre breaking fowards, the
parapet bearing twin pediments containing cartouches (these pediments added
after 1871, replacing 6 urn finials), a large central doorway with moulded
surround flanked by engaged Ionic columns with entablatures supporting an
open segmental pediment containing a cartouche with coat of arms; and
sashed windows with moulded architraves; between the outer pairs of windows
are decorated rainwater heads and downspouts secured by brackets, the
topmost of which are lettered "1722"; the flanking bays and the wings have
matching windows except for added bay windows at ground floor between the
centre and the wings (the right wing was added after 1871). The left
return wall of 3 bays has a centre bay breaking forwards slightly, a
doorway in this with eared architrave and pedimented Ionic surround, the
window above this also with an eared architrave and a moulded sill and
cornice; otherwise the details match those at the front. Right return wall
is similar, but has a glazed porch. C19 extensions continue to the rear of
both wings. Interior is of less interest. History: Dr. William Bushell
(probably a descendant of Seth Bushell of Preston, a prosperous woollen
draper), vicar of Heysham, died 1735, provided by his will that if his
daughter (Elizabeth, 1727-45) died before the age of 21 without issue, the
whole of his estate should be devoted to the founding of a hospital at
Goosnargh, at or near the dwelling house of his late father, for
"maintaining, supporting or providing for decayed gentlemen or gentlewomen,
or persons of the better rank ... of the towns or townships of Preston,
Euxton, Goosnargh, Whittingham, Fulwood and Elston, being Protestants ...".
References: VCH Lancs; Fishwick Goosnargh pp. 121-8; Hewitson
History of Preston (1882) pp. 542-3.
Listing NGR: SD5600836862
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.