British Listed Buildings

History in Structure

If you log in, you can comment on buildings, submit new photos or update photos that you've already submitted.

We need to upgrade the server that this website runs on. Can you spare a quid to help?.

Original Block of Richmond Royal Hospital, Richmond upon Thames

Description: Original Block of Richmond Royal Hospital

Grade: II
Date Listed: 25 June 1983
English Heritage Building ID: 205477

OS Grid Reference: TQ1815175570
OS Grid Coordinates: 518151, 175570
Latitude/Longitude: 51.4668, -0.3005

Location: Kew Foot Road, Richmond, Greater London TW9 2SS

Locality: Richmond upon Thames
County: Greater London
Country: England
Postcode: TW9 2SS

Incorrect location/postcode? Submit a correction!

Listing Text

(east side)
TQ 1875 11/1
Original block of
II Richmond Royal Hospital

the description shall be amended to read as follows:

Formerly a house, later incorporated into a hospital.Mid C18,
formerly comprising 5 bay centre and 2 bay wings set back, the
south wing demolished c1882, when an extra storey was added to
the north wing and a projecting 2 storey wing obscured it. The
poet James Thomson lived here from 1736 until his death in
1748 and wrote his most famous works here, the masque
"Alfred", which includes the anthem "Rule Britannia" (1740),
"The Castle of Indolence" (1748) and "The seasons" (1738).
After Thomson's death the house was bought by a friend, George
Ross, who enlarged it, and in 1786 it was bought by Mrs
Boscawen ,widow of the famous admiral. On her death in 1805 it
was bought by the 6th Earl of Shrewsbury, who changed the name
to Shrewsbury House. Built of stock brick with roof partially
concealed by parapet, the other part tiled.Two sections. The
right hand part of 3 storeys 5 bays. Stone coping ramped up in
centre to form a pediment. Cambered sashes, 9-pane to 2nd
floor, 12-pane to 1st floor. 4 bays of ground floor obscured
by late C19 or early C20 projection but original Ionic portico
incorporated in end. Cornice has mutule frieze and 4-leaved
paterae. To left side is a further 2-bay C18 wing with early
C20 mansard roof. Second floor windows are early C20 in
original architraves but the other floors are obscured by the
later extension. Rear elevation has mainly 12-pane sashes to
the main part and C20 windows to the north wing. Mansard tiled
roof and C19 chimneystacks. C19 attached hospital buildings
not of special interest. Interior has entrance hall with mid
C18 staircase with scrolled tread ends and 2 turned balusters
to each step, doorcase with bolection moulding, 6-panelled
door and panelling with dado rail. Other features this floor
include large room to wing with ovolo-moulded cornice and dado
rail and fire places with eared architraves. First floor has
mid-C18 panelled room and fireplace with brackets, Vitruvian
scroll and C19 tiled surround. Moulded cornice to rear room.
Second floor retains old floorboards.


(east side)

Original block of
Richmond Royal Hospital
TQ 1875 11/1


The nucleus is a late C18 brown brick house, 2 storeys, 5 windows. Now embedded in
buildings of many later dates. Pro-style Roman Ionic porch in front of modern single
storey projection.
This house was "Rosedale House" once the home of James Thomson author of "The Castle
of Indolence", "The Seasons" etc.
(This original part of the present hospital complex only is listed; the central
5 bays bearing the name of the Hospital.)

Listing NGR: TQ1815175570

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.