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Church of St Mary the Virgin, Gayton

Description: Church of St Mary the Virgin

Grade: II*
Date Listed: 17 May 1960
English Heritage Building ID: 234672

OS Grid Reference: SP7060254791
OS Grid Coordinates: 470602, 254791
Latitude/Longitude: 52.1869, -0.9687

Location: 1 Milton Road, Gayton, Northamptonshire NN7 3HP

Locality: Gayton
Local Authority: South Northamptonshire District Council
County: Northamptonshire
Country: England
Postcode: NN7 3HP

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Listing Text

8/42 Church of St. Mary the Virgin


Church. C14 and C15, with older origins. Restored, vestry and organ chamber
added and chancel rebuilt 1883 by M.H. Holding; tower restored 1910. Coursed
limestone rubble and coursed squared ironstone; lead roofs. Chancel, north
chancel chapel, south vestry and organ chamber, nave, north and south aisles,
south porch, west tower. East window has C19 5-light window with curvilinear
tracery. Chancel chapel to north and vestry and organ chamber to south continue
aisles and flank chancel. Both have C19 3-light Decorated style east windows.
Chapel has 2-light Decorated windows to north. Vestry and organ chamber have
similar C19 windows to south and chamfered priest's door. Nave has 4-bay
clerestory of 2-light windows with 4-centred heads, mostly renewed C20. North
aisle has 3-light Decorated west window with sexfoil to head of central light
and trefoils to heads of flanking lights. Double-roll-moulded north door. A
2-light Decorated window to east of door with sexfoil head and ogee-headed
lights and 3-light window further east with ogee-headed lights, quatrefoils and
mouchettes to head. Offset buttress between aisle and chapel has stone-roofed
projection in angle to east and blocked roll-moulded door to west partly in
aisle wall, cut back at this point to give access with chamfered relieving arch
above recess. South aisle has 2- and 3-light windows, all renewed C19. C13 south
door with pairs of shafts, moulded capitals and many-moulded arch in porch
rebuilt C19. 3-stage west tower has west door with plain jambs and triangular
heady small lancet window above. Similar window to south higher up, 2-light
windows to middle stage with plate tracery and 2-light paired bell-chamber
openings. Battlemented parapet and corner pinnacles. Plain stone-coped parapets
to rest of church. Hood moulds to all windows. Interior: chancel has reredos
with C16 linenfold panelling, probably re-used, and piscina with cusped and
chamfered ogee-arched head. C19 two-bay arcade to vestry and organ chamber and
arch to north chancel chapel. Double-chamfered chancel arch with polygonal
responds. Nave has 3-bay arcades with octagonal piers, polygonal responds,
moulded capitals and double-chamfered arches. Perpendicular roof to nave with
moulded principals, ridges and purlins, partly renewed. Piscina to north chapel
with ogee-arched head,and also at end of south aisle. Circular font with
intersecting arcading. 6 C15 stalls in chancel said to come from St. James Abbey
near Northampton with carved arm-rests and misericords representing the Virgin
of the Misericord, a lion and a dragon fighting, a seraph astride two figures,
three seated female figures, Christ in Majesty, Christ's Entry in Jerusalem and
small praying figure with another on horseback below. C15/early C16 screenwork
in vestry, much repaired. Jacobean pulpit with 2 tiers of blank arches; pulpit
door re-used in bottom half of low-side window. C14 stained glass to north-west
window of chapel including arms. Painted glass roundels in chapel windows with
coats of arms, 3 of which are dated 1632 and smaller c17 roundels said to came
from Church of St. Madeleine, Beauvais; given by W.H. Fox Talbot of Laycock
Abbey. c19 stained glass east and aisle windows. Monuments: oak effigy of knight
said to be Sir Philip de Gayton, d.1316, an tomb-chest with ogee-headed
crocketed panels in ogee-arched recess between chancel and chapel, which is
crocketed and has pinnacles and finial. Stone effigy of lady said to be
Scholastica, daughter of Philip de Gayton and wife of Godfrey de Meaux, who died
l345, in many-moUlded tomb recess. Minature effigy of girl reset in same recess
above, of Mabilla, daughter of Thomas de Murdak and Julianna, daughter of Philip
de Gayton: found 1830 in chancel wall, Stone coffin lid with foliated cross in
chapel. Early C16 chest tomb in recess on south side of chancel with depressed
arch and battlements with Purbeck marble slab and matrix of brass in back wall,
possibly to Robert Tanfield, d.1504. Alabaster chest tomb with incised slab
representing Francis Tanfield, d.l558, and his wife Bridget, d.l583 and their 18
children; chest with shields in lozenges. Attributed to the Roileys of
Burton-on-Trent. Incised slab to Lady Jane Harrington, d.1662. Brass plates
mounted on wall to William Houghton, d.1600, with verse, and Mary Breton,
d.1704. Large C18 marble monument to Lockwood family by Robert Blore with long
inscription framed by columns. Wall monuments to Richard Kent, d.1753, and
Richard Kent, d.1780, both vertical ovals with cartouches of arms and signed W.
Cox, Northampton.
(Buildings of England: Northamptonshire, 1973, pp.221-2; Kelly's Directory for
Northamptonshire, 1928; Guide leaflet).

Listing NGR: SP7060254791

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.