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Roman Catholic Church of St Giles, Cheadle

Description: Roman Catholic Church of St Giles

Grade: I
Date Listed: 3 January 1967
English Heritage Building ID: 274829

OS Grid Reference: SK0083643189
OS Grid Coordinates: 400836, 343189
Latitude/Longitude: 52.9860, -1.9890

Locality: Cheadle
Local Authority: Staffordshire Moorlands District Council
County: Staffordshire
Country: England
Postcode: ST10 1NR

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Listing Text

SK 0043-0143 CHEADLE C.P. BANK STREET (south side)

11/27 Roman Catholic Church
of St. Giies
3.1.67

GV I

Roman Catholic Church. 1841-6 by Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin for the Earl of Shrewsbury. Red Hollington sandstone ashlar and carved dressings; lead roofs of steep pitch with cast iron, fretted, crested ridge; verge parapets with
corbelled kneelers and crested pinnacled at apices. High Decorated style;
the plan consists of west tower and spire, nave, aisles, vestry, chapel
and chancel; the layout virtually abandons the ritual axis in favour of
capitalising on the compact urban site. Tower and steeple: square of
four tall stages set on a triple drip-moulded plinth; four-stage angle
buttresses with figures in niches to the west facing bottom stages,
string around first stage; paired, two-light, pointed, bell-chamber
openings set in deep reveals; labelled, pointed 3-light west window
set over west door; pointed with low relief carving in spandrels, deeply
moulded reveals with a band of ball flower; double doors have applique
brass rampant lions. Spire on a corbelled band, octagonal with crocketed
ridges; a rather extenuated lower section has slim diagonal pinnacles
clasped to its sides; two-light lucarnes to base and tiny'single light
placed further up. Aisles consciously divided from nave by a change in
roof pitch, both on a fleuron eaves band, lower pitch to aisles and a
tiny (unlit) clerestory band. Both aisles are of five bays on plinth
divided by bulky two-stage buttresses gableted at the head; the south
aisle has labelled, pointed 3-light windows all with different (but
authentically Decorated) tracery; the north aisle has similar 2-light
windows with a 3 light at the east side only. Both aisles have similar
gabled, single-storey porches but the detail on the south is finer with
squat two-stage diagonal buttresses, solid stone, ribbed roof, a niche
in the apex bearing an effigy of the Virgin, flanked by two low relief
medallions set over a deeply moulded pointed entrance reveal with
two bands of ball flower and crested extrados on 3 clustered pinnacles;
the interior has a ribbed vault; both aisles stop just short of the nave
to the east, their pent roofs divided by a verge parapet revert into
smaller pitched roofs clasped against chancel sides (presenting a
triptych of gables to the ritual east) to the south. There is a chapel
of two bays, similar but smaller in pace than the aisles with single-light
windows, the east has three lights; its partner on the north the vestry
breaks the line of aisle roof by an additional storey reached by an
external staircase on the west of pure medieval derivation; a triple-
shafted castellated chimney breaks the eaves on the north, set
assymetrically over a gabled single-storey projection lit by two lancets
and a trefoil in the apex; the Tudor arched vestry entrance, reached by
steps, is packed into the space between stair turret and gable; the vestry
composition almost aedicular, stands on its own, more domestic than
ecclesiastical but of exceptional balance. Chancel of approximately
two bays part screen by chapel and vestry; only marginally lower than nave;
diagonal buttresses clasp the angles; the north and south lit by small
two-light pointed windows; the east gable has three sculpture niches to
apex and alongside buttresses. Three low relief medallions lie below,
large five-light pointed east window with curvilinear tracery. Interior:
the entire interior of the church is painted from the floor up with gold, blue
and red predominating in an intensely patterned scheme. Nave of 5 bays;
octagonal columns painted in chevron pattern; pointed moulded arches, with
carved lions in spandrels; large studs on corbels carry scissor-brace
collared trusses, fretwork in apices, single purlins and large curved
windbraces; aisles have painted plaques of Life of Christ (16 in all);
purlin lean-to roofs; pointed chancel arch with Last Supper painting over;
pointed covered barrel vault to chancel; reredos depicts coronation of the
Virgin with 6 angles; sedilia and piscina with spire finials over and Easter
sepulchre to north; ogee-headed opening with poppyhead finial and pinnacles
at sides. Font octagonal on corbelled vase with fretwork spire cover
all set in an ornate brass railed enclosure. Pulpit: large and octagonal
on stand with religious scenes cut deep into panel-recesses. Screens crested
arcaded screen to chancel and brass screen to tower. Glass by Wailes.
W. G. Short: Pugin's Gem: A History of St. Giles Catholic Church, Cheadle,
Staffordshire, 1981. B.O.E., p. 97.


Listing NGR: SK0083843186

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.




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