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Cathedral of St Nicholas, Newcastle upon Tyne

Description: Cathedral of St Nicholas

Grade: I
Date Listed: 14 June 1954
English Heritage Building ID: 304830

OS Grid Reference: NZ2498964009
OS Grid Coordinates: 424989, 564009
Latitude/Longitude: 54.9701, -1.6112

Location: 7 St Nicholas Church Yard, Newcastle Upon Tyne NE1 1XU

Locality: Newcastle upon Tyne
County: Newcastle upon Tyne
Country: England
Postcode: NE1 1XU

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Listing Text

NZ 2463 NE, NZ 2563 NW (east side)
20/, 21/, 23/ and 24/490 Cathedral of St.Nicholas
Parish church; cathedral since 1882. Mostly mid C14, incorporating earlier work
in N.W. crossing and north arcade; C15 tower and spire. Many alterations later
include the addition of north and south porches in C19 by J. Green and Dobson.
Sandstone, coursed and squared except for modern ashlar; lead-covered roofs.
West tower with transepts and porches; aisled nave with south chapel; transepts;
aisled chancel with north chapel and south vestry (with Thomlinson Library
St. Nicholas Churchyard,q.v.). Decorated windows in transepts, south aisle
and clerestory, Perpendicular elsewhere; many renewed. Renewed west and late C20
north and south doors in moulded arches, the latter under tall windows, in
gabled porches. 3-stage tower has big polygonal buttresses; 5-light window
above door; small 2-light windows and tall paired 2-light belfry openings in
upper stages; high pierced, battlemented parapet has centre-side pinnacles and
taller corner pinnacles which enclose 4 flying buttresses holding square lantern;
smaller pinnacles and battlemented parapet on this surround slender octagonal spire.
Interior: coursed squared sandstone with ashlar dressings; arch-braced panelled
roofs with heraldic bosses. 4-bay nave and 4-bay chancel arcades have octagonal
columns with plinths but without capitals, the triple-chamfered arches springing
directly from them; high crossing arches in similar style, but chancel arch on
responds with capitals. Tower has arches in similar style with 5 chamfers;
ribbed vault. Head-stopped drip-moulds to arcades; string and drip-moulds to
aisle; plain clerestory. Low blind arcade on south wall interrupted by chapel.
Crypt in north transept has 5-mouchette window and chamfered segmental transverse
ribs. Octagonal stone font with arms of Robert Rhodes, a C15 benefactor, and
high crocketed cover. Pre-reformation brass eagle lectern. South chapel has
medieval roundel of the Virgin and Child in each window; much C19 glass
commemorating local industrialists and Grey of Falloden.
Monuments: 2 medieval grave covers, one with head and feet of body depicted in
'openings ; C14 effigy of knight with shield, lamb at feet; large high-quality
C15 incised brass from the grave of Roger Thornton in All Saints', on south
chancel aisle wall; several C17 memorials including large sculpture of the
Maddison family at prayer; Matthew Ridley, d. 1778, by J. Bacon in classical
style; Admiral Collingwood, d. 1810, by Rossi; Matthew White Ridley of
Blagdon Hall, died 1813, as a Roman by Flaxman; Calverly Bewicke, died 1815,
by Baily; R.H. Williamson died 1835, by Dunbar; alabaster effigy of J.C. Bruce
by George simmonds, dated 1896; effigy of Bishop Wilberforce, 1908, by
F. W. Pomeroy.

Listing NGR: NZ2498964007

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.