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Devizes Castle Including Glass House and Garden Walls Encircling West Side of Mound, Devizes

Description: Devizes Castle Including Glass House and Garden Walls Encircling West Side of Mound

Grade: I
Date Listed: 19 September 1972
English Heritage Building ID: 310461

OS Grid Reference: SU0024961342
OS Grid Coordinates: 400249, 161342
Latitude/Longitude: 51.3512, -1.9978

Location: Castle Road, Devizes, Wiltshire SN10 1DB

Locality: Devizes
County: Wiltshire
Country: England
Postcode: SN10 1DB

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There is also a scheduled monument with a similar name, Devizes Castle, at the same location as this building or very close to it. This is probably the same structure or related to it in some way.

Listing Text

1. Devizes Castle
1042 including Glass House
and Garden Walls
encircling west side
of mound
SU 0061 2/217


The original castle built by Bishop Roger of Salisbury in reign of Henry
I has virtually disappeared. It was partly in ruins in the C16, but finally
destroyed at the end of the Civil Wars by Order of Parliament. The site
is a magnificent one with a great mound and moat. The mound falls steeply
on 3 sides towards the undulating ground to the south-west. The rich parklands
of the Old Park form with the Castle mound a fine piece of landscape, which
should always be preserved. The plan of the town in the form of a fan with
the Castle as the centre of the segment, seems to be too formal to be a
haphazard growth. It is reasonably certain that the town grew after the
building of the Castle, and it would be interesting to know how far the
plan was dictated by the Bishopric of Salisbury, so closely connected with
the Castle itself, as occurred at a slightly later date in the case of Salisbury

The existing structure was begun in 1842 by Goodridge of Bath. Highly asymmetrical.
The ashlar faced keep and turret to the south are Goodridge with paired
lights divided by colonettes in narrow openings. The rest to the north
is a massive rock faced enlargement of 1860's, 70's and 80's. Crenellated
parapet, buttresses, superimposed bays, oriel windows and large mullioned
and transomed windows. The north tower however, is partly of C17 brick
and was originally a windmill. It's rubble base may be part of the original
castle. Around the north tower's base, facing west, is a bowed fernery
with stone tiled roof, round interlaced arches forming pointed lights with
Norman style shafts dividing. Adjoining the fernery to the north is a fine
glass house with octagonal base and a stepped domical roof with crowning
finial. The entrances are to the east and west: wooden gables with ornamented
bargeboards supported by flanking paired colonettes with foliate capitals,
on high pedestals.

A terrace surrounds the castle with a battlemented parapet. On the west
side towards the centre are 2 short sections of arcaded wall, one incorporating
in arch some original Norman stone work of zig zag pattern. The interior
of the castle is designed in a mixture of neo-Norman, Gothic and C16 styles.
The drawing room and bedroom in the northern section facing west have the
partly original frames of C16 or early C17 ceilings inserted with carved
and gilded bosses, small brackets and ribs, the whole completed in plaster.
Scheduled AM.

Listing NGR: SU0024961342

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.