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Church of St Cyriac, Lacock

Description: Church of St Cyriac

Grade: I
Date Listed: 20 December 1960
English Heritage Building ID: 315487

OS Grid Reference: ST9170868566
OS Grid Coordinates: 391708, 168566
Latitude/Longitude: 51.4161, -2.1206

Location: 21 Church Street, Lacock, Wiltshire SN15 2LB

Locality: Lacock
County: Wiltshire
Country: England
Postcode: SN15 2LB

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Listing Text

ST 9168
(south side)
4/53 Church of St Cyriac

Anglican parish church, mostly C15 with some C14 elements, restored
1861 by A.W. Blomfield and chancel rebuilt 1902-3 by H. Brakspear.
Rubble stone and ashlar with stone slate roofs. Elaborately
battlemented and pinnacled C15 nave and north aisle, plain late C15
south aisle, low and plain west tower, possibly C14 in origin with
battlemented bell-stage and ornate gabled octagonal cap to north
stair tower of the C15. Recessed octagonal spire rebuilt 1604.
Embattled west porch of c1500. North transept with Decorated
tracery of C14, but roof raised in 1861, south transept rebuilt in
C19 in matching style. West of south transept a C17 two-storey-
and-attic annexe called the 'Cottage'. Chancel externally entirely
of 1902-3 with harsh tracery and pierced parapet. Outstanding 2-
bay north-east chapel built c1430 for the Bonham and Croke families
in highly carved Perpendicular style, with unusual east window
tracery, lavishly sculpted battlements and gargoyles. Nave is of
3-bays with large clerestory lights and 6-light east window over
chancel roof, the 4-centred arch of the window echoed in a pierced
parapet over. West porch has lierne vault with Baynard of Lackham
arms. 'Cottage' annexe has ovolo-moulded mullion windows and
blocked west door of later C17 type, but a new 'yle' with gallery
is mentioned in 1619. Deep moulded elliptical-arched south door
with hoodmould possibly early C17.
Interior: evidence of several phases of building: tower arch
interrupted at springing, C15 north aisle has springers for
vaulting too low for tall C15 nave piers. High arches north and
south of crossing exposed only in 1861 but intended for rebuilt
transepts. One Decorated archway on south side of south transept.
Nave has original C15 roof boarded in C19, transepts have roofs of
1861, south aisle has roof dated 1617 but 3 corbels of C14 and C15
date indicate lines of previous roof. Chancel has fragment of arch
in south wall. North-east chapel has exceptionally rich lierne
vaulting with centre pendants, the bosses carved, the vaults
springing above finely-canopied wall-niches. Much of original
colouring survives. Evidence in masonry that chapel is in part a
remodelling of earlier structure. Furnishings: chancel reredos
1902, various wall plaques of C18 and C19 to Talbot family
including Sir John Talbot (d 1714), the architectural frame of
which is now the War Memorial, West Street (q.v.). North-east
chapel has some C15 stained glass and exceptional Renaissance
memorial (1566) to Sir W. Sharington of Lacock Abbey, possibly by
J. Chapman. North transept, organ in Gothic early C19 case. South
transept, or Lackham chapel, has series of memorials to owners of
Lackham House from C15 to C20 including fine brass to R. Baynard (d
1501), two elaborately painted wall panels of 1623 to east and Lady
U. Baynard, various C18 marble plaques to members of the Montagu
family, including one to Capt J. Montagu hero of Earl Howe's 1794
naval victory off Ushant, and brightly coloured south window of
1862 to Capt F.W. Rooke. In 'Cottage' c1700 pedimented memorial to
T. Cobborn and Greek Revival plaques to J. Skottowe (d 1820) by Sir
R. Westmacott and Dame P. Call (d 1822) by T. King. In south aisle
marble plaque to Bishop Johnson of Worcester (d 1774) and some C17
wall plaques. In nave font 1861 by Blomfield.
(N. Pevsner, Wiltshire, 1975; T. Vernon, Church Guide, 1980)

Listing NGR: ST9170968569

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.