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Calcining Kilns, Spaunton

Description: Calcining Kilns

Grade: II
Date Listed: 24 June 1987
English Heritage Building ID: 328945

OS Grid Reference: SE7224291093
OS Grid Coordinates: 472242, 491093
Latitude/Longitude: 54.3103, -0.8911

Locality: Spaunton
Local Authority: Ryedale District Council
County: North Yorkshire
Country: England
Postcode: YO62 6TW

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Listing Text

SE 79 SW
7/114 Calcining Kilns
- II
Calcining kilns. c1856, and later. For the Rosedale Mining Company.
Roughly squared stone faced with rusticated stone; interior lined with red
and cream bricks. Bank of 4 kilns, extended by a further 4 kilns. Openings
to the earlier kilns are narrow, round-headed arches of rusticated voussoirs
on rusticated piers. To right, 4 further kilns have wider, semicircular
arches similarly constructed of rusticated stone. To the rear of the
earlier bank of kilns the back wall survives, of rubble with flat coping
stones on top. The kilns have largely collapsed but sections of lining
bricks are visible behind the stone arches. No metal parts survive. The
kilns were constructed in association with the ironstone mine established in
1856 on the west side of Rosedale near Hollins Farm. They were built close
to the Bank Top terminus of the North Eastern Railway's Rosedale Branchline,
completed in 1861, from Ingleby on the Picton to Kildale line in Cleveland.
Ore was transported in rope-hauled wagons along a tramway from the mine to
the railway terminus where it was tipped into the kilns from above. It was
then roasted to drive off water and corbonic acid, thus reducing its weight
for onward transportation to County Durham and Teeside. With 2 temporary
closures in 1874 and 1879, the mine continued in operation until 1885. In
1864 the company's title was changed to the Rosedale and Ferryhill Iron
Company Ltd, and after the second closure a new company, The West Rosedale
Mine Company, was formed. R H Hayes and J G Rutter, Rosedale Mines and
Railway, Scarborough Archaeological and Historical Society, Research Report
No 9.

Listing NGR: SE7224291093

This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.

Source: English Heritage

Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.