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Description: The Marmion Tower
Date Listed: 22 August 1966
English Heritage Building ID: 332681
OS Grid Reference: SE2677678718
OS Grid Coordinates: 426776, 478718
Latitude/Longitude: 54.2035, -1.5910
There is also a scheduled monument, Marmion Tower (Former Gatehouse of Tanfield Castle Fortified Manor), at the same location as this building or very close to it. This may be related in some way or possibly a different name for the same structure.
Explore more of the area around West Tanfield, North Yorkshire at Explore Britain.
WEST TANFIELD CHURCH STREET
10/51 The Marmion Tower
Gatehouse/castle. C14, C16. Ashlar. 3 storeys, 1 bay. Square in plan.
East front: large chamfered 4-centred archway with hoodmould to right. To
its left a small chamfered rectangular opening. First floor: a central
oriel canted window with 2-light cusped openings with Perpendicular tracery
to each face, hipped roof above. Second floor: a central moulded mullion
and transom window with hoodmould. Moulded eaves band. Embattled parapet.
South front: first floor has a small square opening to left, to its right a
pointed-arched cusped 1-light window. Second floor: to left a 2-light
cusped Y-tracery pointed-arched window with hoodmould. To right a corbelled
garderobe. Eaves band has 2 rain spouts. West front: similar arch as to
east side. First floor has a moulded mullion and transom window with
hoodmould. Second floor: central 2-light cusped Y-tracery pointed-arched
window with hoodmould and transom. Clasping north-west corner, a 4-stage
stair tower with small chamfered 1-light rectangular openings. It rises
above the embattled parapet with its own eaves band and embattled parapet.
North front, blind except for chamfered single-light window to second floor.
Eaves band has rainwater spouts. Octagonal flue stack rises over the
parapets. Interior: ground floor has tunnel vaulted passage between the
archways and moulded doorways from this into Porters Lodge which is tunnel
vaulted and to the stone spiral stair. First floor was the great hall with
large moulded 4-centred arched fireplace. Second floor smaller similar
fireplaces. History: possibly a gatehouse castle in its own right with
enclosure to rear. John Marmion received licence to crenellate his house in
1314. After his death the castle went to his niece the wife of Sir Henry
FitzHugh Kt, then it went to the Parr family. William Parr, brother of the
6th wife of Henry VIII, owned the manor until his death in 1570. It then
went to the Crown and was granted to Lord Burghley. Through the Cecil
family it was owned by the Earls of Ailesbury in the C18 until 1886 when it
was bought by the Arton family. VCH, Vol I, p 384-389.
Listing NGR: SE2677678719
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.