Description: Bourne Estate (Northern Part)
Date Listed: 11 January 1999
English Heritage Building ID: 472578
OS Grid Reference: TQ3111882005
OS Grid Coordinates: 531118, 182005
Latitude/Longitude: 51.5218, -0.1115
TQ 3181 NW CAMBDEN CLERKENWELL ROAD
Bourne Eastate (Northern part)
Includes: Skipwith House 1-55, Ledam House 1-34, Redman House 1-17 CLERKENWELL ROAD
Includes: Radcliffe House 1-105, Scrope House 1-34, Frewell House 1-55, Denys House 1-30 CLERKENWELL HOUSE
Includes: 91-93 and 99-101 (Odd) LEATHER LANE
Includes: 87-101 (Odd) LEATHER LANE
Housing estate for the London County Council. 1901-3. Designed by the LCC Architect's Department (chief assistant for scheme E H Parkes under W E Riley).
Elevations of red, orange and stock bricks with some blue and glazed bricks. Portions of upper elevations towards Clerkenwell Road and Portpool Road stuccoed. Brick chimneys, slated roofs. Stone string courses, parapets and segmental arches. Concrete open stairs and balconies with iron railings. Wooden sash and casement windows, some within segmental brick arches and with brick aprons.
STYE: free Classical style, with Arts and Crafts touches, developing the idiom established by the LCC Boundary Street and Millbank estates in a formal direction.
EXTERIOR: 5-storey flats with balcony access; some portions with sixth storey in roof. Enclosed layout, with 5 blocks in parallel on a north-south axis (Shene, Ledham, Skipwith, Denys, Frewell and Scrope Houses) and narrow quadrangles (once with formal planting) between Ledham and Skipwith Houses and between Denys and Frewell Houses. Long east-west blocks (Radcliff House and Redman House) to perimeter of estate, with broad arches leading through to centre of estate, their stuccoed upper storeys with giant pilasters. Some later alterations. Radcliff House: long elevation to Clerkenwell Road, shorter elevations in two sections to Leather Lane, and canted corner between with principal entrance arch to estate and pyramidally capped towers left and right.
Ground storey towards roads have shops, with granite piers in between. Upper storeys towards Clerkenwell Road alternate between plain brick elevations with dormers in roof and slightly recessed stuccoed sections with giant pilasters rising through three storeys and parapet over. 3 broad moulded segmental arches lead through to centre of estate, the arch at the corner being more fully detailed with voussoirs and small brick windows over.
The Bourne Estate is the third of the three key estates built by the London County Council in the years of its greatest innovation. In Britain the Bourne Estate is the least known, but it has an international significance as the model for the much admired and highly influential public housing erected in Vienna immediately after the First World War. The Viennese model was subsequently brought back to England, as can be seen in the Ossulton Estate, Camden, listed some years ago, and in some private mansion blocks in central London of the 1930s.
Listing NGR: TQ3111882005
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.