Drygrange House (drygrange Nursing Home, Formerly St Andrew's College),including Garden Terrace Wall, Melrose
Description: Drygrange House (drygrange Nursing Home, Formerly St Andrew's College),including Garden Terrace Wall
Date Listed: 4 June 1991
Historic Scotland Building ID: 18835
OS Grid Coordinates: 357783, 635459
Latitude/Longitude: 55.6109, -2.6717
Location: Lowood, The Scottish Borders TD6 9DH
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1887-1889, Charles C H Kinnear and J M Dick Peddie; additions and alterations 1910, J M Dick Peddie. Substantial additions at time of change of use to St Andrew's College, 'early 1960's large red sandstone neo-baronial mansion.
ORIGINAL HOUSE: 3-storey, basement and attic; L-plan with 4-storey circular entrance tower in re-entrant angle of entrance court; open service court to rear of N wing. Asymmetrically composed with Scots Renaissance detailing: meandering string courses; corbelled pepperpot turrets with swept fish-scale slated conical roofs at angles; moulded corbel tables; balustraded parapets; crowstepped gables; pedimented dormer-headed windows with renaissance finials; steep-pitched slated roofs. Regular axial and wallhead stacks. Windows moulded throughout, mullioned and transomed at principal floors; plain plate-glass sash and case glazing to upper floors.
ENTRANCE FRONT: entrance in angle: circular, of Castle Fraser type,
4 stages with crenellated parapet. Splayed balustered staircase with decorative wrought-iron lamps to entrance. Elaborately detailed columned doorcase: billet detail at column neck; frieze with triglyphs and guttae, sculptured detailing at metopes; block pediment above cornice and sculptured heraldic panel with inscription in pediment above ('et industria probitate'), flanked by obelisk finials raised on balls. Stepped string-course at 1st floor, corbel table of multiple billet mouldings at 2nd and at parapet (crenellated parapet 1910). 3-storey turret in re-entrant angle corbelled out at 2nd floor level over squinch arch. Gable with canted bay in re-entrant angle to left of tower, full-height, with attic gable.
ENTRANCE ELEVATION, S ARM: 3 bays to right of tower have simple regular treatment of single-light windows; 4th bay shallow rectangular bay with 3-light windows, balustraded parapet at bipartite dormer, richly decorated; circular tower with fish-scale slated roof in re-entrant angle of projecting gable to right, latter with corbelled angle turrets. Basement entrance in main re-entrant angle between S wing and W cross-arm has bolection-moulded architrave and heavy nailed oak door with thistle-pattern wrought-iron hinges as at front door.
ENTRANCE ELEVATION, E ARM: main house extends for 2 bays;outer bay has shallow rectangular tripartite bay with balustraded parapet forming balcony to tripartite above; 2 small timber dormers; corbelled angle turret at outer bay. Lower service range extending to left, crowstepped gable off-centre with decorative 'Maybole-type detailing to stack coping, grouped with circular angle tower. Unsympathetic reconstruction of balustraded area wall in front of courtyard elevations, 1990/91.
N ELEVATION, (SERVICE COURT): segmentally-arched pend to service court in end gable of 2-storey and attic range; single-storey ranges beyond.
E (REAR) ELEVATION: asymmetrical composition of parapets and crowstepped gables of service ranges masked at left by 1960s building and by single -storey flat roofed additions in NE re-entrant angle.
S ELEVATION: 5-bay main block, central part regular 3-bay except at 1st floor with asymmetrical 3-light window on left, 2-light on right; flanked, on left, by full-height canted bay, corbelled out twice to reach square; on right, by rectangular tripartite bay rising to entablature and balustraded parapet,gable with single-light window above. End elevation of W wing recessed to left; full-height circular angle tower bay corbelled out at 1st floor level; rectangular bay in re-entrant angle at 1st floor with balustraded parapet. Stair and terrace on segmental arch with balustraded parapet, rises round it a SW angle, a 1904 addition. S terraced garden laid out at same time (1904). Unfortunate modern fire-escape attached to W elevation, of corrugated sheet iron.
INTERIOR: much of original and 1910-14 refurbishment surviving. 17th century style scots renaissance plaster ceilings and timber panelling throughout.
ENTRANCE HALL: wainscotted with cast-iron detailed radiator cases; decorative terrazzo floor; 2-tier broken pedimented ionic pilastered chimney-piece with neo-georgian cast-iron register and grate; mirror overmantle; jacobethan plaster ceiling and strapwork cornice at upper landing. Rich timber architraved and pedimented doorcases. Central staircase with jacobethan-detailed newels and finials, and half-balusters alternating with full-height balusters. Very elaborate chimneypiece in wainscotted dining room, with coupled half-fluted doric columns below, and coupled corinthianesque fluted columns above flanking 2 shell niches; broken pediment above. 'boudoir' with bowed angle (at W) now subdivided (main part not seen): elaborate plaster ceilings, and bolection-moulded chimneypiece, of 1914 date.
DRAWING ROOM: neo-rococo style; elaborate plaster ceiling and cornice. Gilt border moulding and rococo sopra porte decoration;original gilt pelmet. Large L-plan addition, circa early 1960's at SE angle: red brick; plain 2-storey and attic elevations, with red sandstone canted bays advanced on S and E-facing ends. Pitched slated roof. Entrance in single-storey canted porch in SE re-entrant angle. Detached 1960's building at N (part of St Andrew's RC College): red brick; 3-storey with pitched slated roof and skylights. Stack at N gable end; gable at left of courtyard front with relief brick decoration in lozenge pattern; square stair bay with vertical glazing to right. Attached to original house at S by covered 1st floor passage.
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.References:
Peddie and Kinnear plans, held by Dick Peddie and Mackay, architects; index at NMRS.
Category B since site has been impaired by subsequent alterations and addition; unaltered, the house would merit category A. Conservatory proposed in original plans, 1889, at W elevation, presumably not executed.
INTERIOR: billiard room on principal floor and upper floor not seen. 'Boudoir' plasterwork probably by Clappertons of Melrose, 1914.
Source: Historic Scotland
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.