Kirktown of Benholm, Former Parish Church Including Graveyard, Boundary Walls, Gatepiers and Gates, Benholm
Description: Kirktown of Benholm, Former Parish Church Including Graveyard, Boundary Walls, Gatepiers and Gates
Date Listed: 18 August 1972
Historic Scotland Building ID: 2813
OS Grid Coordinates: 380438, 769251
Latitude/Longitude: 56.8144, -2.3220
Location: Benholm, Aberdeenshire DD10 0HT
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1832 incorporating 15th or 16th century sacrament house (see Notes) and 17th century mural monuments from earlier (13th century) church. Simple 4-bay, rectangular-plan, classic church with pedimented gables and belfry; little altered fine interior with important wall memorial to infant daughter of George Keith, 5th Earl Marischal. Harled with ashlar margins and quoin strips. Continuous eaves and band course, latter forming pediment. Round- and segmental-arched openings.
W (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: gabled elevation with broad, 3-part, panelled timber door and decoratively-astragalled 5-pane fanlight to centre bay, similar width wide-centre tripartite window above.
E ELEVATION: mirrors the above but with gablehead surmounted by stone belfry (bell now housed within church).
S ELEVATION: 4 regularly-disposed tall windows.
N ELEVATION: blank elevation.
Multi-pane glazing pattern in timber sash and case windows throughout, those to S decoratively-astragalled. Grey slates. Ashlar-coped skews.
INTERIOR: galleried interior with pulpit and 17th century mural monuments (see below) at S wall; fine stone sacrament house (at E wall) with moulded cornice and decorative margins flanking pointed-arch moulded opening surmounted by thistle, and incorporating high relief-carved door panel in broad frame (possibly not original); wall inside carved with crossbones, hourglass and winged angel. Decorative plasterwork cornicing and circular roof ventilators('). Boarded dadoes and fixed timber pews (originally extending full width of interior). 2-tier pulpit comprising boarded 1st tier and panelled 2nd tier giving way to panelled and corniced sounding board. Panel-fronted gallery on square columns, with box pews, 2 lairdīs pews, 1 with fretwork screens and table. Bell, with `David Barclay, Montrose, 1820ī (cast in Montrose Foundry) in small timber frame. Small memorial to John Nicoll BD, minister 1884-1924, by H S Gamley RSA, sculptor, 1925.
17th CENTURY MURAL MONUMENTS:
KEITH MONUMENT: 4-stage, naively carved, sandstone monument dated 1621, erected by 5th Earl Marischal and Dame Margaret Ogilvie in memory of their daughter, further fragment in graveyard (see Notes). Rectangular 1st stage depicting arcade with skeleton at centre spearing Earl Marischal (at left) holding sword and early gun, and wearing hat with 3 bobbles (not a crown), and Dame Margaret Ogilvie (at right) with oversized arms, clasped hands and wearing tall hat with plaited hair to side. Reduced 2nd stage, also rectangular, bears Dame Margaret's coat of arms surmounted by crow (reason unknown) flanked at left by hart (Keith family) but with `woodwose' (wild man with ragged staff, linked with Knights Templar at Roslin) at right (not Ogilvie bull). Triangular 3rd and 4th stages divide into panel with Latin inscription, translated as 'Scarcely five years did she live. Thou wilt wonder her life was so complete. But to me she will be long lived who has lived well. Happy was her life, happier her death. Her last word was this ... That I may live with Christ makes it sweet for me to die. Thou are therefore a true Mary, thou leavest the earthly things of Martha. Live ever with Mary and enjoy God'. This gives way to pediment with `EGM' `1621' `DMO' surmounted by coat of arms of Earl Marischal bearing portcullis (see Notes), flanked by kneeling winged figures (angels'), and by helmet and crest pointing to right.
SCOTT MONUMENT: large sandstone monument with Baroque marble panel to Robert Scott of Benholm, inscribed '... Robert Scott of Benholm, who departed from the banquet of mortality and was borne into the abode of immortality in the 64th year of his age. His surviving child and his widow Dame Catherine Ellis consecrated this mausoleum, such as it is, on the 23rd January, in the year of human salvation, 1690.
GRAVEYARD, BOUNDARY WALLS, GATEPIERS AND GATES: graveyard enclosing church incorporating variety of 18th and 19th century, stones. Some with clearly carved memento mori of crossbones, skulls and winged heads. Ashlar enclosure with inset cast-iron railings (to E) contains carved slab from 17th Keith Monument inside church. Coped rubble boundary walls and square-section, corniced and coped ashlar gatepiers with 2-leaf ironwork gates.
REFERENCES: NSA VOL XI (1845). Hay POST REFORMATION CHURCHES (1957), p260. Information courtesy of Donald Macpherson. Graham Bruce BENHOLM CHURCH A JOURNEY THROUGH THE AGES (1982). John P Beattie THE FAITH OF OUR FATHERS (1989). Macgibbon & Ross THE ECCLESIASTICAL ARCHITECTURE OF SCOTLAND VOLS II & III (1896). SCOTTISH CHURCH HERITAGE RESEARCH www.codexgeo.co.uk/schr
Ecclesiastical building no longer in use as such. The church is upgraded to category `A' (6 September 2005) in recognition of its rare early sacrament house and the fine 17th century mural monuments, particularly the significant Keith Monument which declares the Earl Marischal's connection with royalty (possibly the first recording of this) and his position asroyal representative in Scotland when James VI and I took up residence in England.
The first church at Benholm, a 13th century gothic style building, was dedicated to the Celtic Saint Marnoch, with the parish subsequently coming into being in 1242. The old church was finally demolished in March 1832, when gunpowder was needed to remove some of thewalls. The new church, built on sprung arches to avoid disturbing graves lying beneath the floor of the old church, was dedicated on 16th September, 1832 by Rev James Glen MA. The building w was intended to seat 768 persons, allowing just 16 inches of pew per person. The final service at Benholm Parish Kirk, by then part of the Mearns Coastal Parish, was held on 6th June 2004 and conducted by the Reverend George Hastie.
Bruce dates the salvaged sacrament house to the 15th century as it was 'a gift from the Laird of Benholm, David Lundie' (p3). The carving is, however, stylistically similar to 16th century examples illustrated in Macgibbon & Ross at Auchindoir Church in Aberdeenshire (where the flanking buttresses and surmounting carved detail is very similar), Pluscarden Priory, and Airlie Church in Forfarshire. The two 17th century monuments (see above), formerly housed in the choir of the old church, were removed to the new building at the expense of descendants of the Scotts of Benholm. The Keith monument was divided at this time, with a further stone placed in the railed enclosure immediately east of the church. The Latin inscription on this fragment reads 'Here lies Mary Keith, dearestdaughter of the most Noble Count and most illustrious Lord George Court Marischal, who died happy in the Lord, on the 14th October 1624 in the 5th year of her age'. George Keith was founder of Marischal College in Aberdeen, and his coat of arms on the monument is an early example bearing the portcullis (a badge of King James after 1603) which probably signifies his appointment as Lord High Commissioner to the Scottish Parliament in 1609.
Source: Historic Scotland
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.