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Description: Knowlton Court
Date Listed: 13 October 1952
English Heritage Building ID: 177927
OS Grid Reference: TR2810953319
OS Grid Coordinates: 628109, 153319
Latitude/Longitude: 51.2334, 1.2662
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TR 25 SE
3/66 Knowlton Court
House. 1585 for Sir Thomas Peyton, altered and extended 1715 for Sir Thomas
D'Aeth, part remodelled and gardens laid out 1904 by Reginald Blomfield, and
Drawing room (+ gate lodge) by Edwin Lutyens 1912, both for Major Elmer Speed.
Red brick in English bond on flint base with plain tiled plat bands and cornice
in 2 levels, not carried over end right bay. Seven bays wide, 2 end left
projecting and with pilaster quoins, centre 3 recessed, projecting sixth bay
and recessed end right bay, also set on higher base than the rest of the
front. Kneelered gables to each bay except the centre 3, topped by wide,
shallow pediment. Stacks to left, end right and cluster of 7 moulded flues
to centre. The central area remodelled 1715, with 2 round windows and semi-
circular headed glazing bar sash in centre on second floor, and 3 glazing
bar sashes on first floor, the centre with a pediment, and 2 on ground floor.
The mullioned and transomed windows to the 2 right end bays largely original,
those to the 2 left of 1904. These 2 end bays were also remodelled in 1715
with Dutch gables and sashes, but made to match the C16 work by Blomfield.
Basement opening to left. Central half-glazed door in rusticated stone surround
with 4 moulded steps. Service wing to rear left facing the Church of St Clement
added 1715, of 2 storeys and attic with plinth and panelled parapet to hipped
roof with 4 dormers and stacks to left and to right. Five cross windows
and 1 blank space on first floor and 5 cross windows on ground floor all
with flying cornices with central double half-glazed doors with rectangular
fanlight, with 3 (originally 4) cross windows on right return. Interior: hall,
with wainscotting of 1904 and cross-beamed ceiling of same date. Fire place
of stone, lugged, with scrolled frieze carved with festoon in relief supporting
a pediment containing arms of D'Aeth, and possibly of c. 1715 rather than
C20, the foliated frieze in the style of Gibbons, C16 fireplaces elsewhere.
Main stair C20 in C16 style of heavy turned balusters. The White staircase
is early C18, 3 storeys around an open well, with turned balusters with square
knops and open string on brackets, with double ramped and wreathed handrail
and ramped dado panelling. Drawing room, by Lutyens, 1912, in late C17 manner,
with panelling, fluted Corinthian pilasters (6 on the long sides, 4 on the
short sides) with a frieze encircled with Gibbons-style festoons and swags and
modillion cornice to enriched plaster beamed ceiling (based on original in the
Victoria and Albert Museum). Lugged bolection moulded fireplace with swags,
festoons and palm fronds and relief arms of Charles II, a copy and pair to that
in the Church of St Clement, Knowlton, the frieze over with a pair of winged
cherubs. Heraldic glass from the church, mostly of the Peyton family (the
last died 1686). Edward Lord Wootton lived and died here 1628. (See Country
Life, vol, 39, p. 534 ff; see also B.O.E. Kent II, 1983, 368-369; see also
Hasted, X, 1800, pp. 87-92).
Listing NGR: TR2813653331
This text is a legacy record and has not been updated since the building was originally listed. Details of the building may have changed in the intervening time. You should not rely on this listing as an accurate description of the building.
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence.